Deep brown, tan or black freckle-like spots on your face, hands, arms, shoulders, back and chest are usually stubborn reminders that we are getting older, or have had some type of trauma to the skin such as acne, or take medications that sensitize the skin to the sun such as estrogens or tetracyclines and others.
These skin pigmentation problems, called dark spots or age spots or liver spots, occur because the body produces either too much or too little melanin, the pigment in the skin which creates the color of our eyes, skin, eyes and hair. This faulty melanin production is primarily caused by years of unprotected exposure to ultraviolet light from the sun or the use of commercial tanning beds and lamps.
Many people fear that age spots may be cancerous growths, but they are actually harmless and don’t need treatment. However, for cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin-bleaching products or can be removed.
Considered a good way to reduce the appearance of those dark spots and prevent new ones is avoiding the sun and the application and reapplication of a broad-spectrum mineral based titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide sunscreen with the sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 or 30 is strongly advised. You have to use the sunscreen 365 days a year, even when you’re inside the house, in order to get the brown spots to budge.
The ultimate combination of anti-aging retinol paired with antioxidants like vitamins C and E treat sun damage and uneven skin tone by repairing damaged skin cells and protecting against free-radical damage. There are also other helpful topical treatments.
Laser treatments or intense pulsed light therapy may have to be the answer for stubborn discolorations. They destroy melanin-producing cells without damaging the skin’s surface. The treatment that would be best for you needs to be determined by a skilled dermatologist who has a variety of different lasers and/or light-emitting devices.
Other options are freezing by applying liquid nitrogen or another freezing agent to the age spots to destroy the extra pigment, dermabrasion by sanding down the surface layer of your skin, or a chemical peel.
However, you can grab this treatment offer from Shakura Malaysia to initially attempt to help you on your way to a more beautiful skin.